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Mintai Kim

  • Professor

Dr. Kim's work across research, teaching, scholarship, and engagement focuses on understanding environmental disturbances, such as light pollution and sea level rise, and working toward community and environmental resilience. Specifically, he focuses on two core areas: nightscape research and Geodesign. He has developed new methods for measuring light pollution with high-resolution imagery and studied human perceptions of nightscape using eye-tracking devices and brain scans. He uses Geodesign, a collaborative framework used by scholars and practitioners to solve complex environmental problems, to engage coastal communities challenged by sea level rise. 

Resilience, Sustainability, Ecological Design, Feng Shui, Geographic Information Systems, 

LAR 5154 Environment and Resilience in Design
LAR 4084 Land Design and Planning
LAR 3044 Land Analysis
LAR 1254 Environment and Natural Systems

Shen, Zhongzhe & Kim, M. (2022). Improving Landscape Performance Measurement: Using Smart Sensors for Longitudinal Air Quality Data Tracking. In: Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, 7-2022, pp. 164-173. © Wichmann Verlag, VDE VERLAG GMBH · Berlin · Offenbach. ISBN 978-3-87907-724-3, ISSN 2367-4253, e-ISSN 2511-624X, doi:10.14627/53772401

Kim, M., Han, S., and Kwon, Y. (2020). How Does the Brain Engage with Daytime and Night-time Sceneries? In: Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, 5-2020, pp. 158-168. © Wichmann Verlag, VDE VERLAG GMBH · Berlin · Offenbach. ISBN 978-3-87907-690-1, ISSN 2367-4253, doi:10.14627/537690xxx.

Cheon, S., Han, S., Kim, M., & Kwon, Y. (2019). Comparison between Daytime and Nighttime Scenery Focusing on Restorative and Recovery Effect. Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3326;

Kim, M., Cheon, S., & Kang., Y. (2019). Use of Electroencephalography (EEG) for the Analysis of Emotional Perception and Fear to Nightscapes. Sustainability 2019, 11, 233; doi:10.3390/su11010233

Kim, M. (2017). Teaching Coastal Resilience Using Geodesign: A Study of Virginia Tech. Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture, 2-2017:279-286, June 2017. doi:10.14627/537629029

Zheng, C., Miller, P., Clements, T., Kim, M. (2017). Mapping Research in Landscape Architecture: Balancing Supply of Academic Knowledge and Demand of Professional Practice. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education 2017, 13(7):3653–3673. June 19, 2017.  (

Wu, S. & Kim, M. (2016). The Relationship between the Pedestrian Lighting Environment and Perceived Safety, JoDLA, 1-2016:57-61, Jun. 2016.

Han, G. & Kim, M. (2015). Study of Urban Land Cover Changes Relative to Demographic and Residential Form Changes: A Case Study of Wonju City, Korea. JFES, 31(4):288-296, Nov. 2015.

Kang, Y., & Kim, M. (2015). Application Strategies of Eye-Tracking Method in Nightscape Evaluation. KILA, 43(3): 87-97, Aug. 2015. 

Kim, M., & Hong, S. (2015). Relationship between the reflected brightness of artificial lighting and land use types. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, 11:39-45. 

Kim, M., Kang, Y., & Abu Bakar, S. (2013). A Nightscape Preference Study Using Eye Movement Analysis. Alam Cipta, 6(2):85-99.

Kang, Y. & Kim, M. (2013). Use of Eye-Tracking for the Analysis of Visual Attention to Nightscape Scenes. Journal of Recreation and Landscape Planning, 7(2):1-8.   

CELA Excellence in Research and/or Creative Works Award (Senior level), CELA 2018 Conference, Blacksburg, Virginia 

CAUS Certificate for Excellence in Scholarship, College of Architecture and Urban Studies, Virginia Tech

Best Scientific Paper, 18th International Conference on Information Technology in Landscape Architecture (Digital Landscape Architecture Conference), Germany 

2nd Place, Best Paper, 16th International Conference on Information Technology in Landscape Architecture, Dessau, Germany      

2014 Research Excellence Award, Malaysian Institute of Landscape Architect (ILAM)

J. Stoeckel Design Studio Teaching Excellence Award, School of Architecture + Design, Virginia Tech 


Ph.D. 2001. Environmental Planning. University of California at Berkeley.

MLA. 1994. Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning. University of California at Berkeley.

BS. 1988. Landscape Architecture. University of Seoul.